Hiking in Salzburg
Hiking in the middle of the city? It comes natural in Salzburg, the small city of global standard on the edge of the Alps. City hiking is the latest craze!
Short walk through the city Salzburg is a city that is easily explored on foot. You will be amazed at the charming paths you will encounter. The historic city center is just the right size with nearly all the attractions in close proximity.
To see the city and the environs from a higher vantage point, a walk across the Mönchsberg or Kapuzinerberg is a good bet. The ever-popular Gaisberg and the legendary Untersberg are also good for a mountain adventure.
Alternative 1: Hike across the Mönchsberg
A walk across the Mönchsberg is recommended any time of year. The carefully planned paths offer charming views in every direction. Interpretive signs explain the areas of geological, biological, climatic, historic and cultural importance.
Starting at the Augustine Monastery and Brewery or the Mülln Church walk through the Mülln and Augustine entrenchments built under Archbishop Paris Lodron. Built between 1621 (Augustine Gate) and 1638 (Monika Gate) by the architect Santino Solari, the fortification protected Salzburg’s vulnerable northern side.
Following the course of the road , the first glimpse of the city will come into view below Schloss Mönchstein with its idyllic Apollo terrace. The path branches off along the eastern escarpments of the Mönchsberg.
The descent to the Humboldt terrace, midway to the Museum of Modern Art, is always worth the effort. From the Museum of Modern Art with its panorama terrace and the Mönchsberg elevator proceed to the Civil Defense Gate (under the protruding entrenchment) to the Civil Defense, built in 1487/88.
A charming view of the city is afforded at the end of the defense wall near Nature’s Friends (Stadtalm). Afterwards, walk past Siegmund’s Gate (built in 1767) and continue along the west escarpments offering views over the Rainberg (the oldest settlement area in Salzburg since the New Stone Age).
After the Kupelwieserschlössl the path branches off to the right to the Richter Höhe – a fortification built in 1367 with a view of the southern Salzburg basin.
Walking back towards the Fortress you will reach the entrance to the Mönchsberg water reservoir and water exhibition. Then it’s only a 5-minute walk across the Scharten Gate to the Fortress. If you walk through the Lodron Arch down to the Stieglkeller, you can quench your thirst while you enjoy a wonderful view of the Old City.
Alternative 2: Hike across the Kapuzinerberg
A diversified fauna and flora can be found on the Kapuzinerberg thanks to the untouched habitat and closeness of the forest. It is a habitat for chamois, deer, badgers and martins.
Starting at the Platzl (at the State Bridge) walk up Linzergasse, through the Franciscan Gate to Stefan Zweig Weg. The steep climb up the Kapuzinerberg is lined by stations of the cross chapels.
Walk through the Felix Gate (1632) past the Paschinger Schlössl (where Stefan Zweig lived from 1919-1937) to the Capuchin Monastery, founded in 1599. A defense tower, the “Trompeterschlössl”, used to stand here. The fortifications are found below the monastery with the Hettwer Bastion observation platforms. Walking past the monastery gardens you will reach a gate to a meadow with a bust of Mozart. The path branches off to the Franciscan Monastery on the right edge of the meadow and leads through a quiet beech forest to the eastern escarpment of the Kapuzinerberg with a view towards Bavaria.
Approx. twelve chamois live in the steep terrain. Following the ridge you will reach the small Franziski Schlössl built in 1629 by the architect Santino Solari under Archbishop Paris Lodron, a small fortress with a projecting bastion, used today for alfresco dining and a great place to stop for a rest.
After the Franziski Schlössl the Basteiweg leads down steep steps in a semicircle back to the Hettwer Bastion; unpracticed hikers are recommended to take the Stefan Zweig Weg back to the Capuchin Monastery.
The 1.5-km wall has intermittent observation towers and bastions affording a wonderful view of the city. Continue from the Hettwer bastion over the Imberg stairs back down to Steingasse to return to your point of departure.
Traces of Women
Women rarely leave visible traces in history. The “Traces of Women” project is a belated tribute to famous historic women in Salzburg. Commemorative bronze plaques, mounted on the homes, birthplaces or places where these women worked are meant to rekindle interest. A walk with feminine insight:
- Caroline Auguste (1792-1873) gave the Carolino Augusteum Museum its name and was the wife of Emperor Franz I, Carolino Augusteum Museum
- Irma von Troll-Borostyani (1847-1912), birthplace of the dedicated Salzburg suffragette and author, Griesgasse 4
- Barbara Thenn (1519-1579), mint-master and head of the local mint called “Haus in der Zell”, Badergässchen 2
- Marie Mösner (1828-1884), home of the famous harpist known throughout Europe, Getreidegasse 28
- Salome Alt (1568-1633), birthplace of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich’s mistress, with whom he had 10 children, Sigmund Haffner Gasse 6
- Barbara Krafft (1764-1825), home of the respected portrait and genre painter, Waagplatz 6
- Anna Berta Königsegg (1883-1948), mother superior of the Order of Merciful Sisters of Saint Vincent from 1925-1948 and courageous opponent of the Nazi regime, Salzachgässchen 3
- Adele Esinger (1844-1923), painter and Hermine Esinger (1852-1939), pianist, home of the two sisters and meeting place for women dedicated to advancing the arts, Mönchsberg 6
- Agnes Muthspiel (1914-1966), studio apartment of the Salzburg’s most prominent postwar painting and meeting place for artists, Mönchsberg 9
- St. Erentrudis (8th century), first abbess of the oldest women’s convent north of the Alps, Nonnberg Convent/Nonnberggasse 2
- Anna Mildenburg (1872-1947), 1912-1922 home of the famous opera singer and co-founder of the Salzburg Festival, Arenberg Palace, Arenbergstrasse 8-10
- Friderike von Winternitz (1882-1971), home of the author and translator until 1938, Nonntalerhauptstrasse 49
- Witches Tower, former site of a fortress tower used as a dungeon for persecuted women in the 16th and 17th centuries, Wolf Dietrich Strasse 19 – corner of Paris Lodron Strasse 16
- Rosa Hoffmann (1919-1943), home of the seamstress and courageous member of the anti-communism resistance movement, Moserstrasse 10
- Maria Johanna Sedelmaier (1811-1853), the Salzburg author’s tobacco store, Ritzerbogen on the Green Market
- Alex Wedding (1905-1966), birthplace of the children’s book author, Makartplatz 7
On the Way of St. James
The Salzburg section of the Way of St. James runs through the city of Salzburg. Coming from Maria Plain follow the old pilgrim’s path towards the inner city to the Cathedral. Continue via Grossgmain, Unken and Lofer to Tyrol.
It really doesn’t matter what road you go on when walking in this city every block has something wonderful to offer you.